Base API Controller with Generics

Base API Controller with Generics

By : maher sous
Date : November 22 2020, 01:01 AM
it should still fix some issue Posting my comment as answer.
The issue was the new() is just a constraint for type that used in generic class. It will require that this type should have default constructor. If type doesn't have it, then it will produce compilation error.
code :

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Unit test AngularJS controller that inherits from a base controller via $controller

Unit test AngularJS controller that inherits from a base controller via $controller

By : mattie
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
this one helps. So it looks like $controller doesn't search for controllers by name in the $provide.value() namespace. Instead you have to use the $controllerProvider.register() method, which is only accessible from the module.config() block. Fortunately it looks like there's a hook we can use to get access to $controllerProvider on the module under test.
The updated test code looks like:
code :
describe("ChildCtrl", function () {
    var BaseCtrl;

    beforeEach(module('my-module', function ($controllerProvider) {
        BaseCtrl = jasmine.createSpy();
        BaseCtrl.$inject = ['$scope', 'frobnicate'];

        $controllerProvider.register('BaseCtrl', BaseCtrl);

    beforeEach(inject(function ($controller, $rootScope) {
        $controller('ChildCtrl', { $scope: $rootScope.$new() });

    it("inherits from BaseCtrl", inject(function ($controller, $rootScope) {

    it("passes frobnicate() function to BaseCtrl that returns 123", function () {
        var args = BaseCtrl.calls.argsFor(0);
        var frobnicate = args[1];

Generics and Inheritance: Using generics with a base-class and its sub-classes

Generics and Inheritance: Using generics with a base-class and its sub-classes

By : bslater
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
it fixes the issue To me it seems that although you need to keep track of the types, all you really need is a record of the parents' type (and their parents) for each item. Rather than using the type itself in a programming sense why not just use a string label and create a list in the base class for the hierarchy of valid types for the item. That way you can have complex connections and organization and only need to compare a single string to a list to see if it's valid.
code :
using UnityEngine;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Item {

  public List<string> validInvTypes = new List<string>();


public class Gem : Item {


public class Ruby : Gem {

  public Ruby()


public abstract class SlotHandler<ItemType> : MonoBehaviour, IDropHandler where ItemType : Item {


  public void OnDrop(PointerEventData eventData)

    //string currentInvSlot
    //Item droppedItem

    if (droppedItem.validInvTypes.Contains(currentInvSlot))
      // Swap the items...
WPF - A dialog having a base class other than Window, where that base class implements generics

WPF - A dialog having a base class other than Window, where that base class implements generics

By : ckb
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
I hope this helps you . Yes, you should use the x:TypeArguments directive in the XAML markup.
code :
namespace WpfApp1
    public class BaseWindow<T> : Window { }

    public class SomeConcreteClass { }
public partial class Window1 : BaseWindow<SomeConcreteClass>
    public Window1()
<local:BaseWindow x:Class="WpfApp1.Window1"
        Title="Window1" Height="300" Width="300">

Using Generics in Base Classes in C#: How to ensure methods in the base class return the derived class's type?

Using Generics in Base Classes in C#: How to ensure methods in the base class return the derived class's type?

By : Neethu
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
With these it helps Short answer: when you need to operate derived classes from base, it can be done with implementing Curiously Recurring Template Pattern, which originally comes from C++, but can be applied to C# as well.
Long answer: In your case, base Measurement class should have one additional generic parameter, which is derived class type. The only limitation there is that you cannot create derived instances with new in base classes if derived classes has constructor with parameters. In example below I use MemberwiseClone which might solve the problem.
code :
public class Measurement<TUnit, TMeasurement>
    where TUnit : struct
    where TMeasurement: Measurement<TUnit, TMeasurement>
    private readonly double _value;
    protected Measurement(double value, TUnit unit)
        _value = value;
        Unit = unit;
    protected double Value { get; set; }
    public TUnit Unit { get; protected set; }

    // Conversion Methods - these will get overridden in the derived classes.
    protected virtual double GetValueAs(TUnit unit) => throw new NotImplementedException();

    // Operator overloads
    public static TMeasurement operator +(Measurement<TUnit, TMeasurement> left, Measurement<TUnit, TMeasurement> right)
        //we cannot create new instance of derived class, TMeasurement, which is limitation of generics in C#, so need some workaround there
        //Some kind of clone might be solution for that
        var leftClone = (TMeasurement)left.MemberwiseClone();  
        var resultValue =  leftClone.Value + right.GetValueAs(left.Unit);
        leftClone.Unit = left.Unit;
        leftClone.Value = resultValue;
        return leftClone;

public struct LengthUnit


public sealed class LengthMeasurement : Measurement<LengthUnit, LengthMeasurement>
    private LengthMeasurement(double value, LengthUnit unit): base(value, unit)


    public static LengthMeasurement FromMeters(double meters) => throw new NotImplementedException();

class Program
    static void Main(string[] args)
        var length1 = LengthMeasurement.FromMeters(5);
        var length2 = LengthMeasurement.FromMeters(10);
        LengthMeasurement length3 = length1 + length2;
Generics - can not return Base for T with T extends Base

Generics - can not return Base for T with T extends Base

By : Gravot3
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
wish of those help Explanation
By introducing a generic parameter T, you are giving the user of your class the possibility to set a type for you.
code :
public class Farm<A extends Animal> {
    public A produce() {
        // ...
Farm<Pig> pigFarm = new Farm<>();

Pig pig = produce();
public A produce() {
    return new Animal();
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