Prevent breaking encapsulation

Prevent breaking encapsulation

By : user2953576
Date : November 21 2020, 01:01 AM
like below fixes the issue As you might have seen from the other answers and comments, the answer is: It depends.
In fact, it depends mainly on the usecases where your class is used. Let's stick first to the example given in the question, the comparison of objects. Since it is not clearly visible from the question if we want to compare two phone objects or just a specific data member I will discuss both situations here.
code :
for (Phone& p in phoneList) {
    if (p.getWeight() > x) {
        cout << "Found";
class Phone {
    string producer, color;
    int weight, dimension;
    bool IsEqualTo(const Phone& other)
        return (producer == other.producer && color == other.color &&....);
class Phone
    int pin;
    bool unlocked;

    int getPin() { return pin; }
    void unlock() { unlocked = true; }
if (phone.getPin() == enteredPin)
class Phone
        int pin;
        bool unlocked;

        void CheckPin(int enteredPin) {
            if (pin == enteredPin)
               unlocked = true;

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Isn't Xaml breaking my encapsulation?

Isn't Xaml breaking my encapsulation?

By : Locitus
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
With these it helps I'm not really sure what you're saying. You can make the Button in XAML and have it be private as well:
code :
<Button x:FieldModifier="private" x:Name="Whatever" Content="This is a button" />
Rendering without breaking encapsulation

Rendering without breaking encapsulation

By : Gayathri S
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
I wish this help you The easiest way would be to pass off value structure to your template renderer. This will keep you from being tempted to doing too much logic within the template itself.
For example - First off create an interface for your renderable classes
code :
class Renderable {
     public function getViewData();
class Student implements Renderable{

    private $id;
    private $name;

     * Courses student is attending
     * @var Course[]
    private $courses = array();
    private $numberOfAttendingCourses;
    public function getViewData(){
        $dat = array("id"=>$this->id, "name"=>$this->name, "courses"=>array());
        foreach($this->courses as $course){
            $dat["courses"][] = $course->getViewData();
        $dat["numCourses"] = count($dat["courses"]);
        return $dat;


class Course implements Renderable{

    private $code;
    private $name;

    public function fetchViewData(){
        return array("code"=>$this->code,
class Template {
     public function render($templateFile, array $data){
          if ($data instanceof Renderable){
               $data = $data->getViewData();
          extract ($data);
    <li><?= htmlspecialchars($name) ?> (ID: <?= htmlspecialchars($id) ?>)
            <?php foreach($courses as $course): ?>
            <li><?= htmlspecialchars($course["code"]) ?> (<?= htmlspecialchars($course["code"]) ?>)</li>
            <?php endforeach; ?>
$template = new Template();
$template->render("/path/to/template.phtml", $student->fetchViewData());
Inheritance breaking encapsulation?

Inheritance breaking encapsulation?

By : JS2014
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
will be helpful for those in need Yes. Since it gives the derived class access to members of the base class (depending on what language and which kind of inheritance) it is said that it breaks encapsulation. IMHO this is only if you are clinging to encapsulation in the strictest terms. IMHO it is reasonable to say that you are accepting the derived class as an extension of the base and therefore related in some way and not really breaking the encapsulation. Purists will disagree with this.
Take a look at http://www.ccs.neu.edu/research/demeter/papers/context-journal/node17.html and search for "breaks" for an academic explanation.
Why does this breaking of encapsulation work in C++?

Why does this breaking of encapsulation work in C++?

By : fshapps
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
To fix the issue you can do There is no breaking of encapsulation: your method is public on X, and an object of class Y "is also" of type X when you use public inheritance.
Overriding in C++ is orthogonal to access rules. You can override a public method with a private method. It is probably bad design, since you can always call it via a reference to the base class.
Breaking encapsulation in C++

Breaking encapsulation in C++

By : jhunter
Date : March 29 2020, 07:55 AM
To fix the issue you can do I would say that friend does not break encapsulation. See https://isocpp.org/wiki/faq/Friends#friends-and-encap
Now let's ignore the issue of what "encapsulation" actually means. It is generally possible to access private members using a template specialization hack. The basic idea, for when the class has a member template, is explained in http://www.gotw.ca/gotw/076.htm.
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